Searchable abstracts of presentations at key conferences on reproductive biology and medicine

ra0001s023 | Uterine and placental function | WCRB2014

Modulation of progesterone action in the endometrium

Critchley Hilary O D

Endometrial function is orchestrated by endogenous ovarian steroid hormones, oestradiol (E) and progesterone (P). P plays a crucial role in the functional modification of the endometrium in preparation for pregnancy (differentiation of stromal fibroblasts, maturation of spiral arterioles and influx of immune cells). In the peri-menstrual phase cyclical tissue ‘injury and repair’ in the local endometrial environment is a consequence of P-withdrawal which initiates a c...

ra0001p273 | (1) | WCRB2014

Estradiol promotes differentiation of uterine natural killer cells during establishment of pregnancy

Gibson Douglas A , Critchley Hilary O D , Saunders Philippa T K

Background: Uterine natural killer (uNK) cells are a phenotypically distinct population of tissue-resident immune cells that are reported to regulate vascular remodelling within the endometrium. The mechanisms that control accumulation of uNK cells in the endometrium remain unresolved although there is evidence to suggest that homing and differentiation of peripheral blood NK (pbNK) cells may contribute to the rapid increase in cell numbers during the secretory phase of the me...

ra0001p274 | (1) | WCRB2014

A role for androgens in the regulation of endometrial breakdown and repair in a mouse model of menstruation

Cousins Fiona L , Murray Alison A , Critchley Hilary O D , Saunders Philippa T K

Background: The human endometrium is a dynamic, multi-cellular sex steroid-dependent tissue subject to cyclical episodes of breakdown (menses), repair and regeneration. The mechanisms responsible for initiation of menses are well characterised; the molecular and cellular changes responsible for rapid repair are poorly understood. Re-epithelialisation of the tissue is thought to involve contributions from both the stromal and epithelial compartments. A role for androgens in end...

ra0001p275 | (1) | WCRB2014

Apoptosis and neutrophil infiltration in the human endometrium at menstruation, recapitulated in mouse model of induced menstruation

Armstrong Gregory M , Murray Alison , Maybin Jacqueline A , Rossi Adriano G , Critchley Hilary O D

Introduction: Menstruation is an inflammatory process characterised by tissue breakdown, bleeding and recruitment of leukocytes. Resolution of this inflammation at menses is critical both to limiting tissue damage and to efficient repair. Apoptosis and clearance of apoptotic cells are necessary for this process, and are thought to involve neutrophils.Our aims were to (i) delineate neutrophil numbers and identify apoptosis in peri-menstrual endometrium an...

ra0001p287 | (1) | WCRB2014

Short-term administration of ulipristal acetate modulates endometrial sex steroid receptor expression and cell proliferation markers

Murray Alison A , Shaw Grace G , Nicol Moira , Williams Alistair R W , Saunders Philippa T K , Critchley Hilary O D

Introduction: Uterine fibroids cause pain, pressure symptoms and heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB). Fibroid growth is sex steroid dependent. The selective progesterone receptor (PR) modulator (SPRM), ulipristal acetate (UPA) reduces fibroid size and alleviates HMB in 90% of women. UPA has both agonist and antagonist properties and induces (S)PRM-associated endometrial changes (PAEC). The mechanism of UPA action and aetiology of PAEC are unknown. We propose that modulation of ster...